Are you thinking to grow herbs in your kitchen garden for healthy eating or as a hobby? There are many herbs that you can grow in your kitchen garden or at your backyard. Fresh herbs are the very rich source of nutrition and flavor both. In this article, we tell you about 25 best Herbs you can grow easily in your kitchen garden.
Before picking a place to grow herbs you have to keep in mind that they need four to six hours of sunlight daily. Whenever you plant herbs, we suggest you to not only grow the herbs that you are familiar with but also take a chance to grow others as well.
25 HERBS TO GROW IN YOUR KITCHEN
Following are the list of Handy plants and herbs that you can grow in your kitchen garden
Sage is a rich source of vitamin A, Calcium, Potassium and Iron. It may use in preserving meat as well as a part of many recipes. While using this Herb in food, take a little bit of care because it has the power to take over all other flavors. Many years back, Sage is used as medicine to relieve cuts, inflammation and memory issues. Sage is a herb that is easy to grow and very relatively easy to take care of it.
You can add Dill (Anethum Graveolens) in fish, lamp, peas, and potatoes for great flavor. Dill is easy to grow and commonly used as a herb that is a part of the Apiaceous family. It invites helpful insects to your kitchen garden. Dill herb will take just 15 to 25 days to grow completely. It helps in curing coughing, Kidney disease, Loss of appetite and has added the benefit of reducing cramping and swelling. Dill is a rich source of Vitamin C, Fiber and calcium that is good for healthy bones.
Mint is a Famous herb that can be used dried or fresh in many dishes and drinks. Mint oil is often used in candy, toothpaste, gums and beauty products. There are several varieties of mint such as Spearmint, Peppermint, etc. It would be best to reap your mint on a sunny day, mid-morning. This herb considers as an invasive plant. It is suggested to grow it into containers. Mint is a calming and soothing herb that has been used for thousands of years to cure the upset stomach or indigestion.
Parsley is a biennial herb and has so many uses in the kitchen! Give seeds a head start by sowing them indoors on a sunny windowsill. Alternatively, sow directly in the ground of your kitchen garden when the soil warms up. It is a good source of Vitamins A and C as well as vitamin K, which is needed for blood clotting and bone health. For many years, this herb has been used to treat conditions like high blood pressure, allergies, and inflammatory disease. Many people think that parsley just uses as a green garnish for food, but it helps things like stews achieve a more balanced flavor.
Rosemary is an evergreen herb and has a bush with fragrant, native to the Mediterranean. This is one the easiest herbs to grow in your Kitchen Garden because it is so hardy and useful as it was traditionally used to help ease muscle pain, improve memory, promotes hair growth and boosts the immune and circulatory system. In cooking, rosemary is used as a zest in a variety of dishes, such as casseroles, salads, soups. The whole sprigs of rosemary may be added to stews and meat dishes. This is a vigorous grower and can be trimmed in June or July to keep it in shape and stop it from getting too woody.
The scientific name of this herb is Ocimum Basilicum. Basil herb is one of the most popular herbs because it’s so versatile and tasty. To plant this herb in your kitchen garden, use full sun and a sheltered spot. Basil is an important item in pesto sauce as well as also commonly included in Thai, Vietnamese cuisine and Indonesian. Research indicates that basil has many benefits such as
- fighting cancer,
- Reducing the effects of oxidative stress,
- Anti-aging properties
- Reduce inflammation and swelling
This is a delicate looking herb and used in many dishes to add flavor in it. As many herbs thyme not only has good taste but also has many health benefits as well. This Herb is very easy to grow in the kitchen garden. Thyme has many varieties such as clumping, low creeping, and tall upright and often is paired with tomatoes. It has a dry aroma, subtle and slightly minty flavor.
8. Cilantro/ Coriander
Coriandrum Sativum the scientific name of this herb. Cilantro is a multipurpose herb for the kitchen and grows well in the container or ground. This herb grows early but doesn’t like it when the ground becomes too warm. It needs fairly well watered and harvest regularly for the best results. You can add cilantro into spicy foods like Chiles, and Chinese, Southeast Asian, Mexican and Asian foods. In the past, coriander is used to cure deceases like stomach ailments, constipation, etc. Fresh green cilantro provides phytonutrients and fiber, while the seeds have a small amount of potassium, calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium. You can get 5 percent of the daily value of vitamin A by use One-fourth of a cup of cilantro.
Oregano plants grow well in warm. This herb likes light soils and sunny spots. Oregano has lovely pink flowers and it makes the great ground cover at the front of borders. Oregano produces pink, purple or tiny white flowers, which are very attractive to pollinating bees. Its leaves are used as a seasoning and a source of aromatic oil. Its woody taste makes a great addition to lots of dishes, especially those with meats and fresh vegetables; you can add it either fresh or dried. This herb is also known as Pizza herb.
Fennel is a flowering plant species belong to a carrot family. It is a hardy, perennial herb with feathery leaves and yellow flowers. It is grown from the edible seeds that are produced after the flower blossoms fade. There are two types of sweet fennel. The first is the common or herb type, Foeniculum vulgare and the other one is Florence or bulb style. It is used by mouth for various digestive problems including intestinal gas, bloating, and loss of appetite, heartburn, and colic in infants among others. There are two types of sweet fennel. The first is the common or herb type, Foeniculum vulgare and the other one is Florence or bulb style.
Chamomile herb comes from the daisy-like flowers of the Asteraceae plant family. In Europe and the United States, this herb often used as an ingredient in herbal tea. Chamomile has two types; you may grow either Roman chamomile or German chamomile (it is more commonly known for its blossoms). You can use both herbs while making tea (as an alternate of each) but when it comes to planting these herbs, they grow differently. German chamomile is grown up to three feet tall and it is an annual plant. Roman chamomile only grows to about a foot high. This herb helps in reducing fever and inflammation.
12. French Tarragon
Artemisia dracunculus is the scientific name of French Tarragon. Growing French tarragon in your kitchen Garden allows you easy access to the herb. These herbs generally like bright light, dry soil and temperatures near 70 F. (21 C.).This is a multipurpose herb as you can use it as medicine to cure digestion problems or for a decrease in blood sugar. Its mint-anise taste is particularly suited to fish and vinegar.
The scientific name of Chives is Allium schoenoprasum. This herb is a relative of the onion family and has slender, pointed leaves. They also produce lovely fuzzy globe flowers in purple or pink color. Sow chives seed directly in the ground of your Kitchen Garden during March and April. These herbs grow best in a sunny spot with rich moist soil, so keep the plants well-watered. Chives are mostly considered one of the “fine herbs” of French food and used for are flavoring. This herb is a rich source of Vitamin A, C, and Vitamin K.
Lavender gives most dishes a slightly sweet flavor. This herb is grown as a condiment and for use in salads and dressings. In the United States, dried lavender buds are used for making lavender scones and marshmallows. You can grow this herb in your kitchen garden because these plants will survive in many growing environments but do best in full sun in warm, well-drained soil. Due to its anti-inflammatory properties, lavender helps to heal minor burns and bug bites. it is commonly used for restlessness, anxiety, depression, insomnia, headache, and pain.
Another Herb that you can grow in your kitchen garden is Culantro. Culantro is a cousin of cilantro. Its scientific name is Eryngium Foetidum. This herb contains chemicals that help foods stay fresher for longer. Just like cilantro and like a few other well-known herbs like Dill and Parsley: Culantro belongs to the Apiaceae family. This herb is a rich source of Vitamin A, iron, calcium, and phosphorus. It has a spicy and pungent flavor. This herb is rare and unusual in the USA.
16. St. John’s Wort
St. John’s Wort is a herb with yellow, star-shaped flowers and five petals This herb is most commonly used to alleviate the deceases related to nervous along with moods such as tiredness, nervousness, trouble sleeping, and poor appetite. Hypericum perforatum is the scientific name of this herb. Due to its serious interactions with some medications, many countries ban the use of this herb in products. While not used in cooking it is a famous herbal treatment for depression. The plant grows in well-drained and sunny areas. This herb grows to be 50-100 cm tall.
17. St. John’s Wort
Bay Leaves are native to the Mediterranean. Bay leaf is used to treat gas and cancer; stimulate bile flow; and cause sweating. Bay leaves are a rich source of vitamin A, potassium, calcium, vitamin C, iron, and magnesium. Also, regular use of his herb in meals promotes general health. In food, this herb is used as a seasoning in cooking and processed foods. While Cooking, add the bay leaves at the beginning of the cooking process and remember to remove them before serving the dish. You can use it either fresh or dried.
Anthriscus Cerefolium is known as Chervil. This is annual herb related parsley. Chervil is sometimes referred to as French Parsley as well as is known as one of the “fines herbs” of French food, chives, parsley and alongside tarragon. Plant of this produces flat, light-green, lacy leaves with a hint of anise. It enhances the flavor of chicken, eggs, vegetables, salads, and fish. This herb is used for fluid retention, high blood pressure, digestion problems, and cough.
19. Winter Savory
Satureja Montana is a semi-evergreen herb. Due to its antibacterial and anti-fungal properties winter savory is used in medicines. It is a deliciously spicy culinary herb. In many dishes, it adds an aromatic flavor. Winter savory is a hardy semi-evergreen bush with glossy, woody stems and dark green leaves. It is easy to grow in your kitchen garden and, once established, care of winter savory is nominal. Winter Savory is used for intestinal disorders including cramps, indigestion, nausea, diarrhea and intestinal gas.
20. Peppermint – Mentha × Piperita
Peppermint is known as a hybrid mint because it is a result of a cross between watermint and spearmint. It has been shown to alleviate the effects of irritable bowel syndrome. While growing this herb in your kitchen garden, it is suggested to plant it in a container as it spreads quickly. It is used to add flavor or fragrance to cosmetics, soaps, toothpastes, mouthwashes, and other products, foods, and it may have many medicinal uses. This herb originally from Europe but today it is cultivated all over the world.
Stevia (Candyleafs) belongs to the sunflower family. There’s a big difference between the stevia you may grow at home and the stevia you buy at the grocery store. Stevia is 200 times sweeter than sugar in the same concentration and it has no calories. It is also known as sugar leaves, sweetleaf, etc. It will only survive in the milder climates in North America. Still, you can add this herb to your kitchen garden for the summer. This plant grows 2-4 feet in height. Stevia has shown potential health benefits as a healthful sugar alternative for diabetes patients.
22. Aloe Vera
This plant is known for keeping skin clear and hydrated. It’s rich in antioxidants such as and Vitamin C, Vitamin A, and Vitamin E, and it also contain seven of the eight essential amino acids. Aloe Vera succulent plant belongs to a species of the genus Aloe. This is an evergreen plant so you should grow this plant in your kitchen garden. It is suggested to keeping the plant indoors in a sunny window. This herb helps you to alleviate many health issues such as constipation, cavities, heartburn, skin damage, hair issues, etc.
Cymbopogon is known as lemongrass. This herb is native to South India and Sri Lanka but now a day grows in many countries around the world. It is one of the best herbs you can grow in your kitchen garden. If you grow it outside, it grows up to six feet high but if you grow it indoors it will be notably smaller. The leaves and the oil of this herb are used to make medicine and is used for treating digestive stomachache, high blood pressure, convulsions, cough, tract spasms, pain, vomiting, achy joints (rheumatism), fever, the common cold, and exhaustion. Lemongrass tea is one of the famous teas in many countries.
The next herb in the list is bergamot which is also known as Scarlet bee balm. You can add Bee Balm as makes a wonderful addition to pizzas, slices of bread, salads and any dishes that are complemented by the herb’s unique flavor. This herb helps in curing mouth and throat related issues. The bergamot orange and the bergamot herb have a similar characteristic i.e. floral fragrance and are commonly used in perfumes and as flavoring. It grows to a height of 2 to 4 feet, has a spread of 2 to 3 feet, and blooms in July to September in USDA.
25. Vietnamese Coriander
Vietnamese Coriander is the seed of the cilantro herb. This specific version of coriander is easier to grow than regular coriander, as it’s very reliable and very hearty. This herb is native to Southeast Asia. Its leaves are a very famous culinary ingredient and have a taste similar to the cilantro normally grown in America. Persicaria odorata is the scientific name of this herb. Vietnamese coriander is used by mouth for diabetes, stomachaches. In food, this herb is used to flavor soups, salads, and stews. You can grow this herb in your garden as this plant needs too hot weather and it grows finest in filtered sunlight.